A microfluidic DNA library preparation platform for next-generation sequencing

A microfluidic DNA library preparation platform for next-generation sequencing

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is emerging as a strong device for elucidating genetic info for a large range of functions. Unfortunately, the surging recognition of NGS has not but been accompanied by an enchancment in automated strategies for preparing formatted sequencinglibraries.

To tackle this challenge, we have now developed a prototype microfluidic system for preparing sequencer-ready DNA libraries for evaluation by Illumina sequencing. Our system combines droplet-based digital microfluidic (DMF) pattern handling with peripheral modules to create a fully-integrated, sample-in library-out platform.

A microfluidic DNA library preparation platform for next-generation sequencing
A microfluidic DNA library preparation platform for next-generation sequencing

In this report, we use our automatedsystem to arrange NGSlibraries from samples of human and bacterial genomic DNA. E. coli libraries ready on-device from 5 ng of whole DNA yielded glorious sequence protection over the complete bacterial genome, with>>99% alignment to the reference genome, even genome protection, and good high quality scores.

Furthermore, we produced a de novo meeting on a beforehand unsequenced multi-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae pressure BAA-2146 (KpnNDM). The new methodology described right here is quick, strong, scalable, and automated. Our machine for librarypreparation will help within the integration of NGS know-how into all kinds of laboratories, including small analysis laboratories and scientific laboratories.

We have developed an automated high quality management (QC) platform for next-generation sequencing (NGSlibrary characterization by integrating a droplet-based digital microfluidic (DMF) system with a capillary-based reagent supply unit and a quantitative CE module. Using an in-plane capillary-DMF interface, a ready pattern droplet was actuated into place between the bottom electrode and the inlet of the separation capillary to finish the circuit for an electrokinetic injection.

Using a DNA ladder as an inner normal, the CE module with a compact LIF detector was able to detecting dsDNA within the vary of 5-100 pg/μL, appropriate for the quantity of DNA required by the Illumina Genome Analyzer sequencing platform.

This DMF-CE platform consumes tenfold much less pattern quantity than the present Agilent BioAnalyzer QC method, preserving treasured pattern whereas offering obligatory sensitivity and accuracy for optimum sequencing efficiency.

The means of this microfluidic system to validate NGSlibrarypreparation was demonstrated by inspecting the consequences of limited-cycle PCR amplification on the scale distribution and the yield of Illumina-compatible libraries, demonstrating that as few as ten cycles of PCR bias the scale distribution of the library towards undesirable bigger fragments.

Automated digital microfluidic pattern preparation for next-generation DNA sequencing

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) know-how is a promising device for figuring out and characterizing unknown pathogens, however its usefulness in time-critical biodefense and public well being functions is presently restricted by the dearth of quick, environment friendly, and dependable automated DNA pattern preparation strategies.

To tackle this limitation, we’re growing a digital microfluidic (DMF) platform to operate as a fluid distribution hub, enabling the mixing of a number of subsystem modules into an automatedNGSlibrary pattern preparationsystem.

A novel capillary interface allows extremely repeatable switch of liquid between the DMF machine and the exterior fluidic modules, permitting each continuous-flow and droplet-based pattern manipulations to be carried out in a single built-in system. Here, we spotlight the utility of the DMF hub platform and capillary interface for automating two key operations within the NGS pattern preparation workflow.

Using an in-line contactless conductivity detector at the side of the capillary interface, we display closed-loop automated fraction assortment of goal analytes from a continuous-flow pattern stream into droplets on the DMF machine. Buffer trade and pattern cleanup, probably the most repeated steps in NGSlibrarypreparation, are additionally demonstrated on the DMF platform utilizing a magnetic bead assay and reaching a mean DNA restoration effectivity of 80%±4.8%.

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